1. Ahmed H. Zewail
Ahmed Zewail was born on 26 February 1946 in Damanhur, Egypt. He was studying in University in Alexandria and moved to the US to get his Ph.D. He was a chemist and studied on the chemical reaction which molecules held together by atoms meet and reorganize into new compounds. This transition can happen because of the atoms inside a molecule vibrate. The time between these vibrations is very short – 10-100 femtoseconds. He developed a method for studying this chemical reaction in detail. He got his Nobel Peace Prize in Chemistry in 1999. Now, he is known as the father of femtochemistry.
2. Shirin Ebadi
Shirin Ebadi was born on 21 June 1947 in Hamadan, Iran. She was Iran’s first female judge but after Khomeini’s revolution in 1979, she was dismissed. She then made a law office and helped the people who had been wronged by the authority. She also took a struggle for women’s and children’s rights. She was in jail for having criticized her country’s hierocracy but she didn’t stop the fight. For her efforts for democracy and Human Rights, in 2003 she received Nobel Peace Prize.
3. Muhammad Yunus
Muhammad Yunus was born on 28 June 1940 in Chittagong, British India (now Bangladesh). He was a founder for Grameen Bank. All started when Bangladesh suffered from famine in 1974, he decided to help the poor by giving long-term loans to people who wanted to start a small enterprise. He received Nobel Peace Prize in 2006.
4. Aziz Sancar
Aziz Sancar was born on 8 September 1946 in Savur, Turkey. He comes from a middle-class family but his parents considered education is important. Sancar then studied in Istanbul University and took his doctorate degree in University of Texas, Dallas. He showed how certain protein molecules, certain repair enzymes, repair DNA damaged by ultraviolet (UV) light. The result of his study gave a greater understanding of an aging process, the causes of cancer and how the living cells work. Because of his finding, he got a Nobel Peace Prize in Chemistry in 2015.
5. The National Dialogue Quartets
The National Dialogue Quartets is a consortium of four organizations which are the Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT), the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA), the Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH), and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers. They gave a contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011. They achieved peace and democratic development in Tunisia by peaceful dialogue and mediating role between political and religious divides.
Credit article: https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates