1. When the temperature of the Sun fluctuating, particles escape from the sunspot regions on the surface creates particles of plasma known as solar wind into space.
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2. These Solar winds will reach earth in 40 hours and paint the earth’s sky with its colors known as the Aurora borealis.
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3. The Earth is not the only planet which can see Aurora borealis. We can see Aurora from other planets as well such as in Venus or Mars.
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4. Even though we can see Aurora from other planets, the Aurora we will see could be different than what we see on Earth. This occurs because every planet have different thickness, strong magnetic fields and formed in different condition.
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5. Aurora Borealis is the name for the spectrum of light in Earth’s Northern hemisphere. In Southern Hemisphere is called by Aurora Australis.
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6. The colors produced by the collision between the particles and oxygen or Nitrogen.
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7. Red, Violet, and Blue colors are produced by particles’ interaction with nitrogen. Interaction with oxygen will give Yellow and green colors.
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8. The Aurora borealis is the name given by Galileo Galilei in 1616. It’s from Aurora, the mythical Roman goddess of the dawn and Boreas, the Greek name for wind of the north.
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9. Ancient people from the past also saw this amazing natural phenomenon. It is proved by the finding of cave painting with Aurora from 30,000 years ago.
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10. The northern lights had seen in New England on May 15, 1719, by Sidney Perley. The rare event published in “Historic Storms of New England” in 1891.
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11. In December 1719, the Aurora appeared again in England and the people took it as a sign of coming dangers.
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12. The best places to see this Aurora is in Finland, Norway, Northern Canada, Sweden, and Alaska.
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13. This natural phenomenon is cyclic and the peak of this phenomenon is every 11 years. even though it generally appears in winter in north pole region.
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14. Many cultural groups have a legend about the lights. The Aurora believed to be a location of a giant called, Manabai’wok by The Menominee Indians of Wisconsin.
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15. The Inuit of Alaska believed that the lights were the spirits of the animals they hunted: the seals, salmon, deer and beluga whales. Other aboriginal peoples believed that the lights were the spirits of their people
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